First of all, do you know you where you are in algeralith's
map? It may be rather difficult to locate you due to the vastness of the land though but see if you can find any familiar landscape in the area. This may be needed to request for an aid of a ranger. Do take note you may or may not attract other kind of people to the location.
Next, do you have have your home claimed (just a personal claim will suffice). This is mandatory for a ranger to track the raider.
As for your situation, it sounds like you essentially have nothing after the raider has literally destroyed everything (did you had a palisade that he destroyed as well? I recall someone that got raided where the raider destroyed all
segments of his palisade). It is best for you to probably move somewhere else, preferably far especially considering you have nothing to really attach yourself to the land.
That is all I can really say for now, good luck on continuing your path.